How To Notch Wood With A Router – 2023

Whenever you have woodwork in mind, the method of notching is the primary source that comes into mind. Every craftsman and professional is fully aware of the benefits of notching. For those who are unfamiliar with the notching process or want to know how to notch wood with a router. This is a must-read guide for all of those.

Not everyone considers notching of wood a simple task to perform. Let us start with the notching process. Wooden structures are strengthened by notching their joints. No matter whether they are beginner or professional, every woodworker can use this method to increase the durability of wood structures.

Strengthening your joints with notch wood. Wood notching is most commonly found on side tables and bookcases. The purpose of it is to provide rigidity and support to wooden structures. When your work looks good and attractive, you should be proud of it, but if it does not, do not worry, as its primary function is to provide support to the framework.

Establishing The Depth Of Notching

Wood notches vary in depth depending on the joint type. Everyone must understand the basic joint before making any decisions. The larger structures and wood frameworks would be heavy if notched, so pay careful attention to them. There is no need to notch deeper if you face this situation.

Before routing or drilling the wood, determine where the notch will be located. Additionally, the depth of your notch is also determined by its position. Your support will break if you place a heavy load on the wood framework and you are notching on edge.

You can also make this decision mathematically. If you measure before notching, you can make this decision mathematically. As your structure grows, two-by-four notching becomes more useful depending on joint size. As your structure grows, two by two notching becomes more essential.

A Perfect Notching Position

Determine where notching should take place, then start routing. You also need to consider where you will notch when determining your notching depth. If heavy objects are notched on their edges, they will crack. A mathematical calculation can also be used to make this decision. Your wood piece needs more robust support if larger than two by two notches. A deeper depth is needed depending on the wood framework’s weight and the wood’s cross-sectional dimension.

You May Also Interest: How To Make Wooden Signs

Essential tools

Tools are essential for notching with the help of a router. So to make sure that you have the correct tools in hand when you start your project.

  • A Marking knife
  • A Router
  • Safety masks
  • Sandpaper
  • Table for guide
  • Multiple Clamps
  • Measuring tapes
  • A Hammer
  • Gloves
  • Glasses
  • Ruler
  • And a Sharp chisel

Other Tools Required For Notching

Here is the list of additional or other tools that you might require for notching.

  • Dremel
  • A Table saw
  • A Jigsaw
  • Tab box
  • Pencil
  • A Circular saw

Steps For A Successful Notching Process

Using a router, a notch is cut in a number of steps. Here are the steps you need to follow.

Step 1

A good wood router is the first thing you’re going to need. Using a router will allow you to perform all the notch work on the wood. Hold your wood piece or structure with clamps on the bench.

Step 2

Next, you need to choose the depth of your notch. You can do this using the methods outlined. Mark the measurement of the depth on the structure with the use of a marking knife. Be sure to mark it carefully since the notching process relies on the depth of the notch.

Step 3

In step three is to turn your router on and start routing on the marks. Once the notching is complete, use a hammer to remove the surplus pieces of wood. Chisels can be used to smooth the curves after removing the dust and the remaining dust. You can also use a hammer for trimming the wood edges if you don’t have a router.

Step 4

You will now need to make notches on the opposite sides of the framework as well so you can achieve a perfect notch on your structure.

Step 5

As soon as you have cleaned the notch, begin fitting the wood piece inside the gap that needs to be notch by inserting it into the gap. The wood piece should be perfectly inserted into the gap.

Step 6

You will need to repeat the entire process of notching on another piece of wood after you are delighted with the notching on the first piece.

Router Bits For Notching

Woodworkers cannot do without routers, which are among the most versatile tools out there. Using a single router, you can accomplish many tasks. This tool can be used for cutting dados, rabbets, grooves, and trimming and routing hinges. Routing is accomplished by using router bits, and many bits can be used to make every cut in a piece of wood. Routing is difficult for a newbie, as finding the right router bit is difficult. Here is a guide to the Best Router Bit Set for sign making

In addition, the bits used for how to notch wood with a router require a straight cutting bit or a round-over bit. These are specialized bits needed to cut the wood straight and shape the wood in edges. They are perfect for making shelves, tabletops, and chair arms.


Here in the conclusion section, we hope you have got all the information required to notch wood with a router. Wood that has been notched adds integrity and a polished appearance to a building. Even though notching may seem complicated at first, you can become an expert once you learn the techniques. If you want to notch a wood piece, there are many options available to you, but you will always need to finish it off with a hammer and chisel. A template needs to be set up so that the router can cut through the entire piece of wood if you want the notches the same size.

Furthermore, notching with wood is made easy for beginners as well. It requires no more than basic skills to operate the router. And the time taken for completion of the project does not exceed over an hour.

My name is Johnathan James, and I have a lifelong passion for woodworking. I hold a Bachelor of Science in Furniture Making and Architectural Woodworking, which has further reinforced my knowledge and skills in these fields. I have gained considerable experience in the woodworking industry through my employment with a woodworking company. As a result, I am well-versed in a diverse range of specialized equipment, including but not limited to wood routers, router table, table saws, track saws, and chainsaws.

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